Designing Activated Carbons from Natural and Synthetic Raw Materials for Pollutants Adsorption
Over the last decades the literature has shown the possibility of producing activated carbons (AC) from a wide variety of raw materials, and to use them as one of the most environment-friendly solutions for waste disposal . Simultaneously, it has been shown that the adsorption of pollutants from different sources by activated carbons is one of the most efficient techniques for remediating or solving this kind of problem . In this context, phenolic compounds represent one of the most important classes of pollutant present in the environment . In this perspective, we present a study involving the production of AC from cork (Quercus suber L.), PEEK (polyetheretherketone) wastes or granulated recycled PET (polyethyleneterephthalate) and their applicability for the adsorption of phenolic compounds from the liquid phase. All samples were characterised in relation to their structural properties and chemical composition, by different techniques, including nitrogen adsorption at 77 K, elemental analysis (C, H, N, O and S) and point of zero charge (PZC). The activated carbons produced demonstrated high adsorption capacities both in the gas and liquid phase as exemplified by N2 and phenolic compounds adsorption experiments. Based on the structural and chemical properties, and on the kinetic and equilibrium studies of liquid phase adsorption, it is possible to conclude that it is the porous volume of the ACs that predominantly controls the process of phenolic compounds adsorption.
Luís Guerra ROSA and Fernanda MARGARIDO
P. A.M. Mourão et al., "Designing Activated Carbons from Natural and Synthetic Raw Materials for Pollutants Adsorption", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 636-637, pp. 1404-1409, 2010