Improvement of the Mechanical Properties of Glasses Based on the 3CaO.P2O5-SiO2-MgO System after Heat-Treatment
Glasses based on the 3CaO.P2O5-SiO2-MgO system present high bioactivity aiming the use as bone restorations. On the other hand, the low mechanical properties reduce the importance of this glass aiming the use as restoration bulk specimens. In this work, glass-ceramics were obtained by devitrification of this glass using different temperatures. CaCO3, SiO2, MgO and Ca(H2PO4).H2O were used as starting-powders. Powder mixture was milled/homogenized and melted at 1600°C, for 2h and annealed at 700°C for 4h with cooling rate of 3°C/min. Glass specimens of 151550mm3 were characterized by DTA and XRD analysis. Specimens were heat-treated in different temperatures between 7000C and 1050°C, for 4 hours, obtaining glass-ceramics with different crystallized phase content. Hardness and fracture toughness were determined and correlated with crystalline phase content. The results indicated that crystallization-degree increase with the temperature, and the mechanical properties are improved: Hardness values present increases lower than 20% as function of the crystallization. Fracture toughness may increase 100% as function of temperature (crystallization degree).
Luís Guerra ROSA and Fernanda MARGARIDO
J.K.M.F. Daguano et al., "Improvement of the Mechanical Properties of Glasses Based on the 3CaO.P2O5-SiO2-MgO System after Heat-Treatment ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 636-637, pp. 41-46, 2010