This work reports on spectroscopic investigations of interaction of an expanding laser ablated plume of aluminum, zinc, graphite with ambient atmosphere of oxygen and nitrogen gas and the formation of nitrides and oxides. The ambient pressure and fluence dependence on the reactive process occurring in the ablated plume responsible for formation of oxides and nitrides is discussed. Fast photography/imaging technique using intensified charge coupled device (ICCD) is gaining importance as a diagnostic tool for understanding the dynamics of the expanding plasma plume and the gas phase nanoparticle synthesis, thus providing a novel way to understand the transportation of nanoparticles and of control of particle size. Two dimensional images of the expanding plasma plume were captured using ICCD to understand the role of vapor and shock temperature. A comprehensive study done on oxide and nitrides films using pulsed laser deposition technique for possible laser oscillations in UV region of electromagnetic spectrum is presented.