Hot Deformation and Ductility Analysis of Continuous Cast C40 Steel by Means of Tensile and Compression Tests
The steel production from scrap using continuous cast technology has increased in last decades. Sometimes, steels processed via this route display poor ductility at high temperature. This feature is associated to cooling conditions and chemical composition, which in turns affect the segregation pattern and vary the transformation temperatures and the phase transformation kinetics. The material under study was a C40 steel with a dendrite solidification microstructure coming from an industrial continuous casting plant. The high temperature ductility was evaluated by means of tensile tests up to fracture at strain rate of 0.001 s-1 in a temperature range of 1100 to 710°C. The reduction in area at fracture as a function of temperature graphs show a clear reduction of the steel ductility in the intercritical region, but also after the pearlite transformation. Single deformation compression tests were also carried out on the steel in the austenitic temperature domain, 900 to 1100°C, and at strain rate of 0.001 to 1 s-1. A modification of the Garofalo hyperbolic sine equation has been employed to derive the peak and steady stresses of the flow curve. The work hardening, U, and dynamic recovery, Ω, parameters which describe the flow curve before dynamic recrystallization takes place and the k and t50 parameters, based on the JMAK model, to describe the recrystallization kinetics were also calculated for every test and expressed as a function of the Zener Hollomon parameter, Z.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
P. Rodriguez-Calvillo et al., "Hot Deformation and Ductility Analysis of Continuous Cast C40 Steel by Means of Tensile and Compression Tests", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 3152-3157, 2010