Analysis of the Redundant Deformation Factor in the Axisymmetric Drawing of AISI 304 Stainless Steel Bars through Experimental Techniques
One of the most significant aspects of the axisymmetric drawing operation is the occurrence of non-homogeneous deformation in the cross section of the metal. This phenomenon is associated with an internal distortion process that takes place in the bar as it flows through the die, leading to the development of higher drawing forces and affecting the subsequent mechanical behavior of the material. An adequate analysis of the process and of the work hardening of the drawn metal, therefore, must involve a detailed study of the deformation features in the forming operation. In the present work, the deformation in the single-pass drawing of AISI 304 stainless steel bars was investigated through the evaluation of the relationship between the redundant deformation factor and the parameter . Two experimetal procedures were employed in the study: the visioplasticity and the stress-strain curves superposition techniques. The first one, previously considered as the method leading to the most realistic solutions to various forming processes, allowed the establishment of an increasing linear relationship between de redundant deformation factor and the parameter . A similar behavior was observed through the stress-strain curves superposition technique. In this case, however, the redundant deformation factor values were lower or higher than those obtained through visioplasticity according to the drawing conditions and more sensitive to variations of the parameter . The results were compared to those exhibited by the AISI 420 stainless steel, revealing the influence of the structural features on the behavior of the metal.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
E. C. Siqueira Corrêa et al., "Analysis of the Redundant Deformation Factor in the Axisymmetric Drawing of AISI 304 Stainless Steel Bars through Experimental Techniques", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 3170-3175, 2010