Dissolution of Precipitates in Hot Rolled Low Mn, Ti Added Pipeline Steels
The dissolution of different sulphides, carbides, carbo-sulphides and nitrides during re-heating of hot rolled low carbon, low manganese, titanium added steel have been studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) analysis. In addition, the chemical composition and size distribution of the different precipitates have been determined before and after reheating to analyze the modification of these precipitates in the course of the reheating cycle. The TEM and EDS analyses showed the presence of a wide variety of simple and/or complex precipitates in as rolled samples. The reheating of these samples to temperatures as high as 1350 °C, caused dissolution of most particles, although titanium nitride (TiN) did not dissolve even after reheating. By decreasing the reheating temperature more and more precipitates remained un-dissolved, but some spherodization occurred at higher temperatures.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
A. Dehghan-Manshadi and R. Dippenaar, "Dissolution of Precipitates in Hot Rolled Low Mn, Ti Added Pipeline Steels", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 3182-3187, 2010