Surface Modification for Enhanced Corrosion Resistance Using Fluid Bed Reactor Chemical Vapour Deposition (FBR-CVD)
The use of materials with otherwise desirable mechanical properties is often problematic in practice as a result of corrosion. Susceptibility may arise for a number of reasons, including an electrochemically heterogeneous surface or destabilisation of a passive film. These shortcomings have historically been overcome through the use of various coatings or claddings. However, a more robust surface layer with enhanced corrosion resistance could possibly be produced via local surface alloying using a fluidised bed. A fluidised bed treatment allows a surface to be alloyed, producing a distinct surface layer up to tens of microns thick. Surface alloying additions can be selected on the basis of whether they are known or suspected to enhance the corrosion resistance of a particular material, whilst at a minimum, surface alloying likely provides a more electrochemically homogeneous surface. Electrochemical evaluations using potentiodynamic polarisations in NaCl electrolytes have shown chromised plain carbon and stainless steel surfaces have decreased rates of corrosion, decreased passive current densities, and ennobled pitting potentials relative to untreated specimens.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
K. D. Ralston et al., "Surface Modification for Enhanced Corrosion Resistance Using Fluid Bed Reactor Chemical Vapour Deposition (FBR-CVD)", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 1956-1959, 2010