Phase Constitution and Mechanical Properties of Ti-(Cr, Mn)-Sn Biomedical Alloys
In order to produce new β (bcc) Ti alloys for medical applications, effects of Mn substitution for Cr on phase constitution and mechanical properties of Ti-Cr-Sn alloys were investigated. All the Ti-7mol%(Cr, Mn)-3mol%Sn alloys investigated by XRD analysis were identified as β (bcc) alloys, and athermal ω phase was also detected in Ti-7mol%Mn-3mol%Sn . The lattice parameter of β was slightly decreased by Mn substitution. Besides, the Mn substitution for Cr raised the hardness and the strength while reduced the ductility of the Ti-Cr-Sn alloys. The hardening by Mn substitution must be due to ω precipitation. The hardening is discussed from the viewpoint of electron atom ratio (e/a) in comparison with Ti-Cr binary alloys in the literature.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
Y. Kusano et al., "Phase Constitution and Mechanical Properties of Ti-(Cr, Mn)-Sn Biomedical Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 2118-2121, 2010