Thermoelectric Performance of Half-Heusler TiNiSn Alloys Fabricated by Solid-Liquid Reaction Sintering
A new fabrication process was proposed for half-Heusler type TiNiSn thermoelectric alloys. Based on the result that the TiNiSn phase can be formed easily at the Sn(Liquid)/TiNi(Solid) interface, the liquid-solid reaction-sintering process was developed using TiNi and Sn powders. The TiNi compound powders were prepared by the atomization method using argon gas atmosphere. We have fabrictaed nearly single-phase TiNiSn alloys and evaluated their thermoelectrical properties; the presnt TiNiSn alloys have large electrical power factor of about 3.5 mWm-1K-2, and the maximum value of dimensionless figure of merit, ZT = 0.67, can be achieved at around 700 K even without tuning of the carrier concentration through alloying elements.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
Y. Kimura et al., "Thermoelectric Performance of Half-Heusler TiNiSn Alloys Fabricated by Solid-Liquid Reaction Sintering", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 2795-2798, 2010