Effects of Processing Parameters on Microstructure Development in X70 Pipeline Steel
Achieving fine and uniform grains is the most effective way to enhance strength and toughness, which are required properties for pipeline steels. Steels microalloyed with Nb can exhibit a mixed grain structure, which can deteriorate low temperature toughness. In this work the effects of the thermomechanical processing parameters on the prior austenite grain structure before ferrite transformation have been investigated.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
A. Al Shahrani et al., "Effects of Processing Parameters on Microstructure Development in X70 Pipeline Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 298-301, 2010