A Systematic Study on Iron Carbides from First-Principles
The formation enthalpy of a series of Fe-C carbides has been estimated using a first-principles approach. The Fe to C ratio dependence of the formation enthalpy is reasonable, but it is revealed that - and -carbides require an extraordinary environment to be able to form. Furthermore, an addition of substitutional solutes other than Fe and C should promote other carbides with different crystal structures. The analysis suggests further studies to discover the critical concentrations of alloying which stimulate the other carbides to become more stable.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
I. G. Kim et al., "A Systematic Study on Iron Carbides from First-Principles", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 47-50, 2010