Formation of Protective Intermediate Phase in Ta Addition TiAl during High Temperature Oxidation
The mechanical properties and the oxidation resistance of -TiAl at elevated temperatures have to be improved to be used in the severe environmental conditions. It has become clear that the addition of more than 4at.%Ta in TiAl demonstrates a superior oxidation to the other TiAl-X compounds, according to the weight gain results of cyclic oxidation experiments at 1173 and 1273K. Oxidation behaviors are strongly influenced by the Ta concentration in TiAl. XRD, SEM-EDS, and TEM-EDS observations have been carried out to determine the microstructures and the surface compositions of multi-layered oxide scales. It was revealed that a protective intermediate phase simultaneously formed between the substrate γ-TiAl and the oxide scale layer. The Ti53Al32Ta15 ternary compound exists as an equilibrium phase at 1373K, according to the published Ti-Al-Ta ternary phase diagram. This ternary compound can work as a barrier to some extent. It contributes to decelerating the diffusion of Ti and Al atoms and to decreasing the oxidation rate. The formation mechanism of the intermediate phase has been discussed in conjunction with diffusion in TiAl.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
K. Hashimoto and K. Seita, "Formation of Protective Intermediate Phase in Ta Addition TiAl during High Temperature Oxidation", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 546-549, 2010