Solute Segregation at Σ11(113) Grain Boundary and Effect of the Segregation on Grain Boundary Cohesion in Aluminum from First Principles
We investigate the energy of segregation of solute Ca at symmetric tilt grain boundary in aluminum from the first-principles calculations. As energy of segregation of Ca is negative, Ca atoms tend to segregate at the grain boundary. Furthermore, on basis of the Rice-Wang model, we study the effect of the segregation of Ca on the grain boundary embrittlement of aluminum. Our first-principles calculations of energies of segregation at grain boundary and free surface show that Ca behaves as embrittler.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
T. Uesugi and K. Higashi, "Solute Segregation at Σ11(113) Grain Boundary and Effect of the Segregation on Grain Boundary Cohesion in Aluminum from First Principles", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 942-945, 2010