Effect of the Type of Alcohol on the Properties of ZnO Nanopowders Prepared with Solvothermal Synthesis

Abstract:

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ZnO nanopowders were prepared via solvothermal synthesis by using methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, n-butanol, n-hexanol and 1-octanol as the reaction medium. Effects of alcohol on the properties of the ZnO nanopowders were investigated. XRD, FSEM and UV-visible absorption spectroscopy were used to characterize ZnO nanopowders. The results show that: the type of alcohol had significantly effect on the morphology of ZnO nanopowders. ZnO nanoparticles with diameter ~100 nm were obtained by using ethanol and isopropanol as reaction solvent. ZnO nanorods were obtained with the n-butanol, n-hexanol and 1-octanol as reaction solvent, and the grain size distribution broadened with the increasing of carbon chain of alcohol. The effect mechanism of alcohol was also discussed in detail.

Info:

Periodical:

Materials Science Forum (Volumes 663-665)

Edited by:

Yuan Ming Huang

Pages:

1103-1106

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.663-665.1103

Citation:

Y. X. Wang et al., "Effect of the Type of Alcohol on the Properties of ZnO Nanopowders Prepared with Solvothermal Synthesis", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 663-665, pp. 1103-1106, 2011

Online since:

November 2010

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Price:

$35.00

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