Current-Phase Relation of YBa2Cu3O7-X/Nb Unconventional Superconductor Junctions
The knowledge of the current-phase relation (CPR) in superconducting junctions is essential in many applications like low-dissipative superconducting electronics or superconducting qubits for quantum computation. Theory predicts that unconventional superconductivity induces a significant second harmonic J2 in the CPR. Consequently, anomalies such as half-integer Shapiro steps should be observed in the microwave assisted current-voltage characteristics of the junctions. We performed electric transport measurements in YBa2Cu3O7-x/Nb unconventional superconductor junctions for 72 different tunneling directions in the ab plane and found no trace of such anomalies. This suggest that J2 is insignificantly small so that YBa2Cu3O7-x/Nb junctions have a purely sinusoidal CPR.
A.G. Mamalis, M. Enokizono and A. Kladas
B. Chesca et al., "Current-Phase Relation of YBa2Cu3O7-X/Nb Unconventional Superconductor Junctions", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 670, pp. 38-41, 2011