Experimental Study in H2/CO/CH4–Air and H2/CO/C3H8–Air Premixed Flames. Part 2: Cellular Instabilities
Experiments in a constant pressure combustion chamber at room temperature and elevated pressures using schlieren system were conducted to investigate the cellular instabilities in hydrogen/carbon monoxide/methane (or propane)–air premixed flames. In the present study, hydrodynamic and diffusional-thermal instabilities were evaluated to elucidate their effects to flame instabilities. Effective Lewis numbers of premixed flames with methane addition decrease for all of the cases. Meanwhile, the effective Lewis numbers with propane addition increase for lean and stoichiometric conditions, but they increase for rich and stoichiometric cases for hydrogen-enriched flames. With propane addition, the propensity for cells formation is significantly diminished whereas the cellular instabilities for hydrogen enriched flames are promoted. With methane addition, the similar behavior of cellularity is obtained, indicating that methane is not a candidate for suppressing cells formation in hydrogen/carbon monoxide/methane–air premixed flames.
S. Itoh, J.J. Yoh and K. Hokamoto
T. M. Vu et al., "Experimental Study in H2/CO/CH4–Air and H2/CO/C3H8–Air Premixed Flames. Part 2: Cellular Instabilities", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 673, pp. 71-76, 2011