Preparation of Chloride Ion Selective Electrode and its Potential Response to Different Chloride Solutions Representing Concrete Environments
Ag/AgCl electrode was made from anodized Ag wire and the influence of anodization current density on stability of Ag/AgCl electrode was studied in this paper. Potential response of Ag/AgCl electrode was tested in synthetic concrete pore solutions with different concentrations of chloride ions and influences of sulfate, calcium, potassium and sodium ion on the potential response of Ag/AgCl electrode were also measured. The results show that Ag/AgCl electrode has the best potential stability when it is prepared with 0.4 mA/m2 of current density for 2 hours and there is no measurable potential difference among 20 electrodes prepared with such anodizing condition. The potential of Ag/AgCl electrode develops to a constant value in less than 60 seconds and maintains stable during the test period when immersed into synthetic concrete pore solution with different amount of chlorides. Ag/AgCl electrode shows a good linear potential response to a wide range of chloride concentrations from 0.005 to 1.0 M. Sulfate, calcium and sodium ions show inconsiderable influences on the potential of Ag/AgCl electrode. Therefore, it is suggested that Ag/AgCl electrodes can be used as chloride sensors in concrete exposed to different environments.
Yi Tan and Dongying Ju
X. J. Gao et al., "Preparation of Chloride Ion Selective Electrode and its Potential Response to Different Chloride Solutions Representing Concrete Environments", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 675-677, pp. 537-540, 2011