Mechanical Properties of Plain Carbon Steels with Ultrafine (α+θ) Microstructures
Mechanical properties of a medium-carbon steel with the ultrafine (α+θ) microstructures obtained by hot deformation of undercooled austenite and annealing were investigated by tensile tests, in comparison with that of a eutectoid steel. The results indicated that in the case of hot deformation of undercooled austenite to strain of 1.61 at 650°C at 0.01s-1 and annealing at 650°C for 30min, the ultrafine (α+θ) microstructures consisting of ultrafine ferrite grains and dispersed cementite particles were similar in the medium-carbon steel and the eutectoid steel, but the mechanical properties of the eutectoid steel were better that maybe be attributed to the relatively coarser size and the higher amount of cementite particles. With the increase of temperature for hot deformation of undercooled austenite to 700°C, the ultrafine (α+θ) microstructure of the medium-carbon steel changed obviously with the presence of some spheroidized pearlite colonies, and demonstrated the best balance of strength and elongation, the yield strength of about 545MPa, the tensile strength of about 635MPa, and the total elongation of about 35%.
Jing Tao Wang
H. Y. Zhu et al., "Mechanical Properties of Plain Carbon Steels with Ultrafine (α+θ) Microstructures", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 682, pp. 109-113, 2011