Hydrogen Variation in Molten Steel during LF Refining
The hydrogen content was measured by HYDRIS hydrogen analyzer during ladle furnace (LF) refining process aiming to test the regular pattern of hydrogen variation in molten steel. The results showed that the hydrogen increased during temperature rising, Ca-treatment and soft blowing argon period, and the absolute increment were 0.64 ppm and 0.46 ppm respectively. The water in refining slag and submerged arc slag led to hydrogen increase during temperature rising period, and fast wire-feeding speed led to hydrogen increase during Ca-treatment and soft argon blowing period. In addition, during the desulfuration and alloying period, excessive large argon blowing caused the hydrogen content increasing by 0.22 ppm.
Hyungsun Kim, Jian Feng Yang, Chuleol Hee Han, Somchai Thongtem and Soo Wohn Lee
J. T. Ju et al., "Hydrogen Variation in Molten Steel during LF Refining", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 695, pp. 353-356, 2011