Hydrogen Interaction with Defects in ZnO
In the present work hydrothermally grown ZnO single crystals were electrochemically charged with hydrogen. The influence of hydrogen on ZnO microstructure was investigated by positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) combined with X-ray diffraction (XRD) using synchrotron radiation. Hydrogen concentration in the samples was determined by nuclear reaction analysis (NRA). It was found that a high concentration of hydrogen can be introduced into ZnO by electrochemical loading. At low concentrations, absorbed hydrogen causes elastic volume expansion of ZnO crystal. At higher concentration, hydrogen-induced stresses exceed the yield stress in ZnO and plastic deformation of the crystal takes place leading to formation of a defected subsurface layer in the crystals.
Jozef Krištiak, Jan Kuriplach and Pradeep K. Pujari
F. Lukáč et al., "Hydrogen Interaction with Defects in ZnO", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 733, pp. 228-231, 2013