Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jets for 2D and 3D Materials Processing
A novel atmospheric pressure plasma jet with a cylindrical symmetry i.e. a tubular dielectric barrier and two tubular electrodes was developed at Microstructure Research Center – fmt, Wuppertal, Germany. The jet was investigated by means of ultra fast (down to tens of nanoseconds exposition time) ICCD photography and regular CCD photography. Some spectacular results were achieved and their partial explanation was presented. The jet acts as a “plasma gun” throwing small “plasma bullets” out of its orifice. The most important findings are: (i) the bullet velocity is approximately 3 orders of magnitude larger than the gas flow velocity, and (ii) the jet dynamics is mainly electrical field controlled. A simple model - formation of a jet in air - based on a Helium metastables core can explain qualitatively reasonably well most of our experimental observations. Some variations of the original cylindrical jet geometry were presented and discussed: microjet and fmt Plasma-Pen, single tube multijet, tube-in-tube single and multijet systems (so-called “Wuppertal-Approach”).
T. Vilaithong, D. Boonyawan and C. Thongbai
J. Kędzierski et al., "Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jets for 2D and 3D Materials Processing", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 107, pp. 119-124, 2005