Structure and Properties of Cold-Worked and Annealed Ti-Ni-Co Shape Memory Wires Designed for Medical Application
The effect of plastic deformation by drawing and rolling in the martensite state and final annealing on the structure, grain size, martensitic transformations and shape memory properties of TiNiCo wires is described in the paper. The wires were cold worked by 30 and 40% and then annealed at the temperature range 300-600oC. The structure, phase composition and transformation behaviour of samples after processing and annealing were studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) method and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) technique. The marformed and annealed at 400 and 450oC wires exhibited a very good superelastic behaviour. The obtained wires were used for production of the shape memory staples with the recovery temperatures close to the human body temperature and as well as for small superelastic staples for fixation of mandible bone fractures.
Danuta Stróż & Małgorzata Karolus
Z. Lekston et al., "Structure and Properties of Cold-Worked and Annealed Ti-Ni-Co Shape Memory Wires Designed for Medical Application ", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 163, pp. 118-122, 2010