Inhomogeneous Magnetic State above the Curie Temperature of the Doped Cobaltite La1-XSrxCoO3
Results of structural neutron diffraction study and data on the transport and magnetic properties (the linear and nonlinear (second and third order) susceptibilities) are reported for the La1-xSrxCoO3 (x = 0.18 and 0.2) polycrystals. The data on the linear and third-order susceptibilities show indications of a long - range ferromagnetic ordering with the Curie temperature (TC) about 180 K. Measurements of the second harmonic of the magnetization in the parallel ac and steady (H) magnetic fields (M2(H,T)) reveal the appearance of ferromagnetic clusters in a paramagnetic matrix below some temperature (T*) above TC. The characteristics of this clustered state and the stages of its temperature evolution are reliably determined since the non-ferromagnetic matrix affects weakly this state. It is found that a spontaneous nucleation of the ferromagnetic clusters occurs below T*, and their concentration increases sharply on cooling. Upon further decreasing temperature, the isolated clusters coalesce, leading to a percolative - type origination of a ferromagnetism. The M2(H,T) response of isolated clusters and its T-variation, including the onset of the coalescence, are very close to those found in the doped manganites, which supports an assumption on a common origin of the clustered state in these compounds.
A.V. Lazuta et al., "Inhomogeneous Magnetic State above the Curie Temperature of the Doped Cobaltite La1-XSrxCoO3", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 168-169, pp. 457-460, 2011