The experiment of resin-bonded CBN wheel dressing using a diamond dresser assisted with longitudinal ultrasonic vibration along the direction of depth of cut was carried out and the dressing characteristics and grinding performance were discussed in the present paper. The influence of acoustic parameters on the topography of CBN wheel was studied to check the effectiveness of dressing for this method. The experimental results showed that the higher the ultrasonic frequency is, the better the wheel topography. The grinding on K9 optical glass and high speed steel has achieved higher G-ratio than that of traditionally mechanical dressed CBN grinding wheel. The ground surface of high speed steel is better than that of K9 optical glass. According to the interferometer images, it was concluded that the grinding of high speed steel was in ductile cutting regime, while removal of K9 optical glass was in brittle fracture regime.