. In this paper three uniformly arraying patterns (GD, CC and UR) and one non-uniformly arraying pattern (NUR) of diamond grits are used to fabricate the mono-layer brazed diamond grinding tools. The wear characteristics of those grinding tools are compared. It is found that NUR tool wears faster than other uniformly arrayed tools in the wet grinding. The protrusion of diamond grits on NUR tool is much lower than that on GD, CC and UR tool after 20 h of wet grinding. By tracking one diamond grit’ wear processes on CC and NUR tools in the dry grinding respectively, it is found that the diamond grit on NUR tool is worn with the form of macro-fracture firstly, then is polished with large flattened area. However, the wear of diamond grit on CC tool keeps in a form of micro-fracture and a slow wear rate.