Papers by Keyword: Post-Deformation Annealing

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Authors: Hossein Beladi, Pavel Cizek, Adam S. Taylor, Peter D. Hodgson
Abstract: Two distinct substructures were produced in a Ni-30Fe austenitic model alloy by different thermomechanical processing routes. The first substructure largely displayed organized, banded subgrain arrangements with alternating misorientations, resulting from the deformation at a strain just before the initiation of dynamic recrystallization (DRX). By contrast, the second substructure was more random in character and exhibited complex subgrain/cell arrangements characterized by local accumulation of misorientations, formed through DRX. During the post-deformation annealing, the latter substructure revealed a rapid disintegration of dislocation boundaries leading to the formation of dislocation-free grains within a short holding time, though the former largely preserved its characteristics till becoming replaced by growing statically recrystallized grains.
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Authors: Peter D. Hodgson, Pavel Cizek, Hossein Beladi, A.S. Taylor
Abstract: The current work investigates the microstructure evolution and softening processes that take place during annealing of an austenitic Ni-30Fe model alloy subjected to hot deformation in the dynamic recrystallization (DRX) regime. The substructure of the deformed matrix grains largely comprised organized microband arrays, though that of the DRX grains consisted of more random, complex subgrain/cell arrangements. This substructure disparity was also reflected by the distinct difference in the mechanism of post-deformation softening taking place during annealing of the deformed matrix and DRX grains. In the former, the recrystallization process took place through nucleation and growth of new grains fully replacing the deformed structure, as expected for the classical static recrystallization (SRX). The corresponding texture was essentially random, in contrast to that of the DRX grains dominated by low Taylor factor components. The microbands originally present within the deformed matrix grains displayed some tendency to disintegrate during annealing, nonetheless, they remained largely preserved even at prolonged holding times. During annealing of the fully DRX microstructure, a novel softening mechanism was revealed. The initial post-dynamic softening stage involved rapid growth of the dynamically formed nuclei and migration of the mobile boundaries in correspondence with the well-established metadynamic recrystallization (MDRX) mechanism. However, in contrast to the deformed matrix, SRX was not observed and the sub-boundaries within DRX grains rapidly disintegrated through dislocation climb and dislocation annihilation, which led to the formation of dislocation-free grains already at short holding times. Consequently, the DRX texture initially became slightly weakened and then remained largely preserved throughout the annealing process.
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Authors: Jozef Zrník, Miroslav Cieslar, Peter Slama
Abstract: In this study, the relationship between the structure and properties of commercial purity aluminium alloy A1199 was investigated by applying constrained groove pressing (CGP) deformation method. The refinement of the coarse grain aluminium (Al) microstructure to sub microcrystalline size by large plastic strain at room temperature defined. The impact of various strains upon microstructure changes is investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM of thin foils) and electron back scatter diffraction (EBSD). A mixture of subgrains produced by grains subdivision and polygonized subgrains formed locally due to dynamic recovery was found in the deformed aluminium structure. The tensile properties and resulting hardness are related to microstructural evolution induced by constrained groove pressing deformation. A substantial impact of straining upon the increasing in tensile strength was observed after the first deformation step (first pass) Further strain increase had an insignificant effect on tensile strength but was accompanied by ductility loss. The post deformation annealing effect was then explored with aim to increase the ductility. The results indicate that changes in strength and ductility may be related to formation of a bimodal structure in deformed plates.
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Authors: Peter D. Hodgson, Pavel Cizek, A.S. Taylor, Hossein Beladi
Abstract: The current work has investigated the texture development in an austenitic Ni-30Fe model alloy during deformation within the dynamic recrystallization (DRX) regime and after post-deformation annealing. Both the deformed matrix and DRX texture displayed the expected FCC shear components, the latter being dominated by the low Taylor factor grains, which was presumably caused by their lower consumption rate during DRX. The deformed matrix grains were largely characterized by organized, microband structures, while the DRX grains showed more random, complex subgrains/cell arrangements. The latter substructure type proved to be significantly less stable during post-deformation annealing. The recrystallization of the deformed matrix occurred through nucleation and growth of new grains fully replacing the deformed structure, as expected for the classical static recrystallization (SRX). Unlike the DRX grains, the SRX texture was essentially random. By contrast, a novel softening mechanism was revealed during annealing of the fully DRX microstructure. The initial post-dynamic softening stage involved rapid growth of the dynamically formed nuclei and migration of the mobile boundaries in line with the well-established metadynamic recrystallization (MDRX) mechanism, which weakened the starting DRX texture. However, in parallel, the sub-boundaries within the deformed DRX grains progressively disintegrated through dislocation climb and dislocation annihilation, which ultimately led to the formation of dislocation-free grains. Consequently, the weakened DRX texture largely remained preserved throughout the annealing process.
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Authors: Vladimir Brailovski, Sergey Prokoshkin, E. Bastarash, Vincent Demers, K.E. Inaekyan, I. Khmelevskaya
Abstract: The thermomechanical processing consisting in severe cold rolling (true strain 0.7–1.9) followed by a post-deformation annealing (200-700oC) is applied to Ti-50.0 and 50.7at%Ni alloys. The thermal stability of the amorphous phase as well as the influence of post-deformation annealing on the structure, substructure and temperature range of martensitic transformations are studied using TEM and DSC techniques. For a given level of cold work, the equiatomic alloy has a higher volume fraction of amorphous phase than the nickel-rich one. For both alloys, the higher the volume fraction of the amorphous phase, the higher the thermal stability. For a given post-deformation annealing temperature, the DSC martensitic transformation peaks from the material subjected to amorphization cold work are sharper and the hysteresis between the direct and reverse transformations is narrower than those for a material subjected to strain hardening cold work. This observation confirms the absence of the well-developed dislocation substructure in the severely deformed alloy subjected to nanocrystallization heat treatment, which is consistent with TEM results.
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