Effects of Different Liquid Properties on the Characteristics of Impact-Generated High-Speed Liquid Jets
This paper describes the study of high-speed liquid jets injected in air from an orifice. The main focus is to study the effect of different liquid properties on the characteristics of the high-speed liquid jets injected in ambient air. The high-speed liquid jets are generated by the impact of a projectile, which known as impact acceleration method, launched in a horizontal single-stage power gun (HSSPG). The conical nozzle of 30° angle with the orifice diameter of 0.7 mm was used to generate the jets. The characteristics of high-speed jets were visualized by the high-speed digital video camera with shadowgraph optical arrangement. From the shadowgraph images, the jet formation, atomization, vaporization and shock waves were obviously observed. The maximum averaged velocity of water, alcohol, n-hexane, chloroform and glycerin jets is estimated to be 1,669.03 m/s, 1,548.59 m/s, 1,420.44 m/s, 1,204.46 m/s and 1,496.97 m/s, respectively. That effect on the maximum penetration distance of the water jet is longer than that of all jets. Surface tension and latent heat are the significant physical property for jet formation, while density, kinematics viscosity and heat capacity are not.
A. Matthujak et al., "Effects of Different Liquid Properties on the Characteristics of Impact-Generated High-Speed Liquid Jets", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 110-116, pp. 370-376, 2012