Numerical Investigation of Natural Convection Heat Transfer from Square Cylinder in a Vented Enclosure

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In the present work, the natural convection heat transfer from horizontal cylinder with square cross section situated in a square enclosure, vented symmetrically from the top and the bottom was investigated numerically. The work investigate the effect of the Ra, enclosure width and opening size of the enclosure on the streamlines, isotherms and heat transfer results. The numerical work included the solution of the governing equations in the vorticity-stream function formulation which were transformed into body fitted coordinate system. The transformations are based initially on algebraic grid generation and elliptic grid generation to map the physical domain between the heated horizontal cylinder and the vented enclosure into a computational domain. A hybrid scheme finite volume based finite difference method was used. The study included the following ranges of the studied variables:- 0 < Ra ≤ 6.5× 105 1.5 ≤ W/H ≤ 4 0.375 < O/H ≤ 4 The numerical results were compared with experimental results, which showed good agreement. The effect of cylinder cross section, Ra, enclosure width, and opening size on the Nu, mass flowrate, flow patterns and isotherms were investigated. The results show that the cylinder cross section has a large influence on the results especially the Nu. The Nu is proportional with Ra and inversely proportional with enclosure width and opening size. The flow patterns and isotherms display the flow and temperature behaviors with changing studied variables. The results show that the starting of natural convection heat transfer depended on the cylinder cross-section, enclosure width and opening size in addition with Ra. In addition, the results display that the hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layer thickness decreases with increasing Ra. Nomenclature

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Periodical:

Edited by:

Wu Fan

Pages:

4451-4464

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.110-116.4451

Citation:

G. Y. Kahwaji et al., "Numerical Investigation of Natural Convection Heat Transfer from Square Cylinder in a Vented Enclosure", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 110-116, pp. 4451-4464, 2012

Online since:

October 2011

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$35.00

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