A New Nitriding Process of 4Cr5MoSiV1 for Extrusion Die
Nitriding is one of the most efficient methods used to enhance the service life of aluminum extrusion dies. In this paper, a new nitriding process has been introduced that is characterized by that 4Cr5MoSiV1 steel, a typical material used for extrusion dies, was nitrided by using two-stage nitriding process. The microstructures of nitrided layer have been analyzed by means of optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and microhardness (MH). The results show that pre-heat treatment on the 4Cr5MoSiV1 steel extrusion die can be carried out under the condition of quenching at 1040 °C, double tempering at 600 °C and 560 °C for 2 hours each. Operating parameters of two-stage nitriding are set as follow: stage one, 520 °C for 6 hours, the flow rate of NH3 of 0.6 m3/h; nitriding pressure of 453 Pa and stage two, 580 °C for 8 hours, the flow rate of NH3 of 0.35 m3/h; nitriding pressure of 453 Pa.
Huixuan Zhang, Ye Han, Fuxiao Chen and Jiuba Wen
S. Y. Lin et al., "A New Nitriding Process of 4Cr5MoSiV1 for Extrusion Die", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 117-119, pp. 1651-1655, 2012