Methods to Describe Optical Polarization State in Reflective Fiber Optic Current Sensor
Evolution process of optical polarization state in reflective fiber optic current sensor(R-FOCS) is complex, light wave travels from polarization maintaining (PM) fiber with linear polarization state, and light wave travels from sensing head with circular polarization state. Focused on characteristics of optical polarization state in R-FOCS, we analyze the characteristics of optical polarization state in R-FOCS, and demonstrate the methods to build optical polarization models by using Poincare sphere and Jones matrix respectively. Jones matrix provides a mathematically rigorous method of tracking optical polarization state, however, it often leads to a less intuitive description. Despite the mathematical complexity of some phenomena observed in R-FOCS, the Poincare sphere provides elegant and simple geometrical interpretations. The two methods are combined and offer both a mathematical representation and an intuitive interpretation of nonreciprocal polarization effects in R-FOCS.
L. H. Wang et al., "Methods to Describe Optical Polarization State in Reflective Fiber Optic Current Sensor", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 44-47, pp. 2254-2258, 2011