In this paper, the vibration and power flow characteristics of stiffened plate and cylindrical shell structures are investigated by using finite element method. The power flow formulas of basic shell structural elements are given at first. Then a simply supported plate and stiffened plate’s input power flow characteristics and power flow vectors are investigated. The effects of stiffeners in plates are discussed. For a simply supported cylindrical shell, the influence of the structural damping, viscous damper and stiffeners on the cylindrical shell’s input power flow characteristics and propagated power flow characteristics are discussed in detail. The power flow vectors are visualized to reveal the distribution of energy in the shell structures. Some useful conclusions are drown and helpful for the vibration control of plate and shell structures.