The Study about the Integrated Development and Utilization of above and below Urban Ground Space in China
As the development of the economic of China and the acceleration of urbanization, metropolises have run out of land resources. Therefore, developing and utilizing the underground space becomes the inevitable trend of sustainable urban development. The modern urban space is a three-dimensional space system which is made up of above and below parts of the space. According to the city on or under the ground, the different characteristics exist. Arranging their own appropriate functions, and avoid weaknesses, will not only make best use of their function, but also promote each to form a good system of urban functions to ensure the city’s efficient and orderly operation.
Dongye Sun, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
Z. L. Chen et al., "The Study about the Integrated Development and Utilization of above and below Urban Ground Space in China", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 71-78, pp. 1403-1410, 2011