Abstract：Twenty-one RC columns were made, including nine RC columns wrapped with BFRP, nine RC columns wrapped with CFRP, three RC columns without any reinforcement, to conduct the comparative study of axial compression. The result shows that the bearing capacity of the RC columns reinforced with the fibers increases obviously. The bearing capacity of the RC columns with CFRP is higher than that with BFRP, but the difference is not obvious. The displacement ductility factor increases, but its increase rate becomes slow with increasing layers of fiber cloth, so the most economical layer number is 3. Based on the confinement mechanism of FRP cloth and the calculation formula of the bearing capacity for common RC column, the formula of the bearing capacity for reinforced RC column with BFRP cloth is proposed. The result of calculation basically tallies with the number in experiment.