Preparation and Characterization of an Alginate/Clay Nanocomposite for Optoelectronic Application
Sodium Alginate/bentonite clay composites of different compositions were prepared by solution casting method. The electrical properties (Conductivity, Dielectric constant) of the composites were investigated by standard methods with Impedance Analyzer. The electrical properties were found to improve with the incorporation of bentonite clay. The thermal, physical and mechanical properties of sodium alginate/bentonite clay composite were investigated by Thermo-Mechanical Analyzer (TMA), X-ray Deffraction (XRD), and Universal Testing Machine respectively. . Tensile Strength (TS) and Elongation at break (Eb) of 2% clay containing composite film were found to be 7.6 MPa and 55% respectively. The XRD demonstrates the enhancing crystallinity of sodium alginate/bentonite clay composite with the increasing clay content. TMA results showed a higher thermal stability in the composite. Water absorption properties of the sodium alginate/clay composite were studied and found to decrease with the increase of clay content. . The inter action between sodium alginate and bentonite clay were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). All of the results indicate that the developed composite is promising for use in a wide variety of optoelectronic applications.
Joong Hee Lee
M. T. Sultan et al., "Preparation and Characterization of an Alginate/Clay Nanocomposite for Optoelectronic Application", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 123-125, pp. 751-754, 2010