Multi-Functional Materials and Structures III

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Authors: Harry Ku, Mohan Trada, Rezwanul Huq
Abstract: Vinyl ester resin was filled with of glass powder with a view to increasing the flexural strength of the composites for civil and structural applications by a research Centre on composites, University of Southern Queensland (USQ). In order to reduce costs, the Centre wishes to fill as much glass powder as possible to the resin subject to maintaining sufficient strength of the composites in civil and structural applications. This project varies the percentage by weight of the glass powder in the composites, which are then subjected to flexural tests. The flexural strength and strain of the glass powder filled vinyl ester composites decreased with increasing filler content but the flexural modulus was highest at 20 w/t % of glass powder. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) was used to analyze the fractured samples and it was found that the fractured surfaces examined were correlated with the flexural properties.
Authors: Ho Sung Lee
Abstract: In this study, thermal responses of advanced fiber/epoxy matrix composite materials are considered for spacecraft thermal design. These thermal responses are important, because the localized thermal behavior from applied heat loads can induce thermal stresses, which can lead to functional failure of the spacecraft system. Since most of polymer matrices exhibit relatively poor thermal conductivity, the composite materials have been widely considered only for structural application and little for thermal application. However, recently pitch-based high performance carbon fiber becomes available and this fiber shows high thermal conductivity. Because of this combination of low CTE and high thermal conductivity, continuous carbon fiber composites make them suitable for thermal management of spacecraft. The advanced composite material is composed of a continuous high modulus pitch based fiber (YS90A) and DGEBA epoxy resin(RS3232). It was demonstrated that advanced composite material satisfied thermal requirement for a lightweight thermal radiator for heat rejection of communication satellite.
Authors: Chen Yu Chang, Yu Jie Chang, Yung Hsu Hsieh, Ching Hsing Lin, Shih Hung Yen
Abstract: . The study combined UV/TiO2 with ultrasonic procedure to degrade azo dye wastewater of Acid Yellow 17. The effects of factors including pH value, initial concentration of dye, and quantities of TiO2, Fe (II), and Fe (III) added on the removal efficiency of azo dye Acid Yellow 17 were investigated. Experimental results revealed significant additive effect attributed to the combination of two procedures under 13-watt UV irradiation and 10-watt ultrasound. Analysis of the catalyst properties indicated no evident changes in the appearance of crystal and TiO2 catalyst by UV/TiO2 combined with ultrasonic procedure. However, the specific surface area was increased by approximately 53%. No effective formation of hydrogen peroxide (ND  1 mg/L) proved that the addition of Fe (II) and Fe (III) failed to induce the Fenton-like reaction effectively. Nevertheless, the addition of Fe ions affected significantly the initial adsorption and the degradation rate of the dye. Moreover, the treatment efficiency of Fe (III) was found to be superior to that of Fe (II) under the same concentration.
Authors: Wei Feng Zhao, Guo Hua Chen
Abstract: Epoxy composites with nanomagnetite-coated graphite nanosheets (GNs) aligned parallel to each other within the matrix were fabricated via magnetic field inducement. The ordered structure of the composite was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The GNs alignment of resulted in anisotropy of electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding in composite in directions normal and parallel to main plains of the aligned GNs.
Authors: B. Sudhakar Reddy, K. Vemasevana Raju, S. Sailaja, C. Nageswara Raju, D. Sreekantha Reddy
Abstract: This paper reports on the development and the near infra-red emission(NIR) analysis of Er3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/ Tm3+ ions doped TeO2 - B2O3 – ZnO - Li2O glasses for tunable laser and optical fiber amplification. From the measured near infra-red emission spectra of Er3+/Yb3+, Er3+/Tm3+: ZLiBT glasses have revealed the prominent near infra-red emission bands at 1532 nm (4I13/2 → 4I15/2), with an excitation wavelength of λexci = 515 nm (Ar+ ion laser). The full width at half-maxima (FWHM) values are also estimated from the measured near infra-red emission spectra of the glasses. Based on spectral results, broad near infra-red emissions should have potential applications in broadly tunable laser sources and broad band optical amplification at low-loss telecommunication windows.
Authors: Robert A. Shanks, Susan Wong, Christopher M.L. Preston
Abstract: Fire-barrier performance is an important property where the polymer composite can continue to provide a barrier to spread of fire after the polymer has burned. In this work a barrier is created by formation of a self-supporting ceramic from the inorganic fillers, over a temperature range where the polymer undergoes thermal degradation. Thermogravimetry showed that degradation of the unsaturated polyester resin left a residual char that subsequently degraded in parrale with reactions of the fire-retardants and ceramifying flux.
Authors: Chih Long Shen, Po Cheng Kuo, S.C. Chen, C.D. Chen, S.L. Hsu, G.P. Lin, K.T. Huang
Abstract: The Co3Pt magnetic layer with thickness of 7~28 nm was deposited onto the Pt underlayer. The as-deposited Co3Pt/Pt double-layered films with or without a 5 nm Pt capped layer were annealed at temperatures between 275 and 375 °C in vacuum of 1 mTorr. The influences of process parameters on perpendicular magnetic properties of Co3Pt thin films were investigated. The Co3Pt film with perpendicular coercivity (Hc⊥) value of 3620 Oe and the perpendicular squareness (S⊥) of 0.7 could be achieved from the Co3Pt(18 nm)/Pt(100 nm) double-layered films by annealing at 300°C. Further added Tb30Co70 film on the Co3Pt/Pt double-layered film could greatly enhance the perpendicular magnetic properties of the film. The Hc⊥ and S⊥ of the Tb30Co70/Co3Pt/Pt film were as high as 6560 Oe and 0.88, respectively, which has significant potential to be applied in perpendicular magnetic recording media.
Authors: Hong Yan, Huang Xin, Qang Hu
Abstract: Magnesium matrix composites SiCp/ AZ61 reinforced with SiC particulates was fabricated by stirring-melt casting technique. The damping properties of the composites have been studied with dynamic mechanical thermal analysis and micro-structural observation. The results show that matrix grains introduced SiC particulates were refined obviously at room temperature and the properties of SiCp/ AZ61 composites were improved comparison to AZ61 alloy. Meanwhile, the improvement of damping properties can be explained by G-L dislocation pinning theory. The damping characterization is explained with the increasing of quantities of the grain-boundaries for the introducing of SiC particles and the ease of interface slipping in temperature.
Authors: Xin Xin Nie, Zi Nian Zhao, Xiao Yan Cheng
Abstract: By mixing PEG or LiCl respectively into the casting solution, the polyurethane (PU)/SiO2 hybrid membranes were prepared by means of immerged phase inversion process. The method of NMR relaxation time T1 value was used to determine effect of the segmental movement of PU macromolecule in the casting solution on the microporous structure of membrane. The membrane section photos of SEM and properties of the PU hybrid membranes were investigated respectively. The results showed that blending SiO2, and with LiCl or PEG into the PU solution system, the T1 value synchronistically decreased. That was relaxed of PU chain winding and ease to move. The additives of PEG could influence the casting solution of PU, it enhanced the distribution of SiO2 in the casting solution, and formed fine interfacial micropores, meanwhile the retention of the membranes were increased to certain degree whereas the pure water flux could kept at a higher level. Similarly, adding some quantity of LiCl could obtain the membrane with higher retention under the condition of slightly loss of pure water flux. Even thought that there were equivalent quantities of finger pores in section of membrane, mixing PEG or LiCl in the casting solution, the SEM section photos indicated that there were more micropores in the wall of pore.

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