Synthesis of Nanosized Phases from an Atomic Carbon
Processes of atomic carbon formation can be initiated the most different energy sources – from strong shock waves to electric field of univalent ion. In the system, consisting of atomic carbon, there are fluctuations of energy and density, which result in the spontaneous origin of new solid phases.
Joong Hee Lee
V. V. Sobolev "Synthesis of Nanosized Phases from an Atomic Carbon", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 123-125, pp. 791-794, 2010