Effect of the Mixing-Melt and Superheating on the Primary Si Phase of Hypereutectic Al-20%Si Alloy
The Al-20%Si alloy was prepared by mixing the high temperature melt of hypereutectic Al-30%Si alloy with the pre-crystallized low temperature hypoeutectic Al-10%Si alloy melt and then superheating the mixture, i.e., melts mixing and superheating (for short: MMS), combining with chemical metamorphism. The effect of pre-crystallized characteristic of the mixed melt on microstructure of Al-20%Si alloy was then investigated, The primary Si granules of the sample, poured by melt mixing with different composition and temperature, were well distributed with a grain size of less than 36μm. And after superheating, the primary Si phase of the mixed melt could be further refined and distributed more uniformly, which if adding the modificator into the mixed melt, the size of primary Si were been deceased and refined by less than 20μm. The analysis result shows that the decrease in the temperature of the mixed melt, from the average temperature of 740 °C for the mixture of Al-30%Si (900°C) and Al-10%Si (580°C) to 670°C for present alloy, leads to the increase in the degree of undercooling, and consequently to the refinement of primary Si. During the superheating, the growth, local melting, as well as the proliferation of primary Si occurred because of the unhomogeneous micro-distribution of the temperature and composition within the mixing melt, resulting in the further decrease in the grain size of primary Si. And adding the modificator could promote the effect of modification of primary Si of MMS process on the hypereutectic Al-Si alloy.
Sihai Jiao, Zhengyi Jiang and Jinglong Bu
L. D. Wang et al., "Effect of the Mixing-Melt and Superheating on the Primary Si Phase of Hypereutectic Al-20%Si Alloy", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 146-147, pp. 79-88, 2011