Ethanol Vapor-Induced Morphology and Structure Change of Silk Fibroin Nanofibers
In this study, regenerated silk fibroin (RSF, from Bombyx mori) nanofibers with smooth surface had been successfully prepared via electrospinning, as shown by SEM and then as-spun fibers were induced under 75% ethanol vapor. We aimed to investigate the morphology and structure change of 75% ethanol vapor-induced silk fibroin nanofibers. To determine any difference in surface topographies, the nanofibers were inspected using atomic force microscope (AFM) and the results showed that after inducement of 75% ethanol vapor for 24 h, the surface of fibers became rough. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) analysis indicated that electrospun SF nanofibrous membranes typically took silk I form and 75% ethanol vapor-induced SF nanofibrous membranes took silk II structure. These results suggested that 75% ethanol vapor inducement could be an attractive alternative to expand the application of RSF.
Guojun Zhang and Jessica Xu
L. P. Fan et al., "Ethanol Vapor-Induced Morphology and Structure Change of Silk Fibroin Nanofibers", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 160-162, pp. 1165-1169, 2011