Vulcanization Kinetics of Natural Rubber Coagulated by Microorganisms with Use of a Vulcameter
Kinetics of vulcanization of natural rubber coagulated by microorganisms (NR-m) was studied with the use of a vulcameter. In the induction period of vulcanization, the time t0 of NR-m is shorter than that of natural rubber coagulated by acid (NR-a), and the rate constant k1/a of NR-m are greater than that of NR-a. Both the curing periods of NR-m and NR-a consist of two stages. The first stage follows first-order reaction. The rate constants k2 of NR-m in the first stage are greater than that of NR-a at the same temperature, and so are the activation energy E2. The second stage (end stage of the curing period) does not follow first-order reaction, and the calculated reaction order n of NR-m is in the range of 0.82-0.85, and that of NR-a is in the range of 0.64-0.72. The rate constants k3 of the second stage for NR -m are greater than that of NR-a at the same temperature, and so is the activation energy E3.
Guojun Zhang and Jessica Xu
Z. F. Wang et al., "Vulcanization Kinetics of Natural Rubber Coagulated by Microorganisms with Use of a Vulcameter", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 160-162, pp. 1181-1186, 2011