Effect of Concrete-Filled in Chord Tubes on Mechanical Behavior of RHS Steel Tube Trusses
Based on the experimental results, this paper presents the effects of concrete-filled in chord on the static behavior of rectangular hollow section (RHS) steel tubular trusses, including failure modes, load bearing capacity and structural stiffness. Failure of RHS trusses occurs at joints wether concrete-filled in chord or not, concrete-filled in chord changed the failure mode. Load bearing capacity and stiffness of joints subjected to compression load increased significantly, while it is limited to the tension joints. Concrete-filled in the compression chord tube can increase its stiffness significantly, while tension chord tube, it is not that obvious. Finally, based on the results discussed, failure modes and their formulas of calculating the load bearing capacity are discussed. Meanwhile, two methods, that is, amplified factor method and stiffness discounting method, which calculate the structural displacement when considering the joint deformation effects are presented.
J. P. Liu et al., "Effect of Concrete-Filled in Chord Tubes on Mechanical Behavior of RHS Steel Tube Trusses", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 163-167, pp. 2171-2175, 2011