Ni coatings with different grain sizes and preferred orientations were produced by the control of current density during a direct current electrodepositing process. The effects of grain size reduction and preferred orientation on the oxidation behavior in air at 600°C and 960°C of Ni coatings were investigated respectively. An important and interesting result is that after oxidation at 600°C, the Ni coating obtained at lower current density has a better oxidation resistance, whereas after oxidation at 960°C, the Ni coating obtained at higher current density has a more compact scale and a better oxidation resistance. For the Ni coatings oxidation at 600°C, the oxidation behavior was mainly influenced by grain size, whereas in the case of the Ni coatings oxidation at 960°C, the oxidation behavior was only slightly influenced by grain size. The changes in oxidation behavior of Ni coatings at 960°C can be attributed to the different preferred orientation and the corresponding oxidation mechanism.