Preparation and Characterization of Organic Modified Sepiolite Sorbent by Microwave Radiation
Based on the pretreatment including acidification, purification and sodium ion exchange, the crude sepiolite was modified by microwave radiation-wet process and CTAB as modifier. The orthogonal experiment was used to optimize the modification process. Then the crude sepiolite and modified sepiolite were characterized by SEM, FTIR, XRD, TG-DSC and BET. The results showed that the optimum modification process parameters included CTAB dosage (1.0 cation exchange capacity (CEC)), microwave radiation time (4 minutes), ethanol concentration (50%/V:V) and radiation power (800W). Compared with crude sepiolite, oil removal rate from steel rolling wastewater increased from 41.34% to 96.78% with modified sepiolite prepared at the best process. Characteristic peaks of organic functional groups, enlarged interlayer distance (0.007nm larger than crude sepiolite), enhanced hydrophobicity, amplified specific surface area (104.4m2/g) and mesopore volume had been received from above characterization methods after modification. All of the above had proved that CTAB was successfully grafted onto sepiolite.
S. J. Ma et al., "Preparation and Characterization of Organic Modified Sepiolite Sorbent by Microwave Radiation", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 211-212, pp. 172-176, 2011