Based on the nonlinear theory, the unbalanced responses of the gas-lubricated journal bearing-rotor system are investigated. A time-dependent mathematical model is established to describe the pressure distribution of gas-lubricated journal bearing with nonlinearity. The rigid rotor with gyroscopic effect supported by self-acting gas journal bearing with three axial grooves is modeled. The differential transformation method is employed to solve the time-dependent gas-lubricated Reynolds equation, and the dynamic motion equation is solved by Newmark-β method. The unbalanced responses of the rotor system supported by finite gas-lubricated journal bearings are analyzed by bifurcation diagram, orbit diagram, Poincaré map. The numerical results reveal periodic, period-4 motion of nonlinear behaviors of the system.