The Pore Fractal Characteristics of Concrete Materials under Salt Freezing Conditions in Cold Area
For further research on durability of concrete material under salt frozen conditions in cold area, the non air-entraining concrete with water-binder ratio of 0.4 and 0.28, air-entraining concrete with water-binder ratio 0.28 and the air content 7.0% are studied respectively. The fractal dimension of three kinds of concrete pore at different pore diameter range were determined by MIP(mereury intrusion porosimetry) before and after salt freezing and were studied in a comparative way. The research shows that the fractal dimension of pore diameter at range of 50nm ~ 550nm after salt freezing changed remarkably, namely salt frozen process has greater influence on pore within this range. Objectively the pore within this range in concrete suffered supercooled water osmotic pressure is the greatest. In addition, the total porosity reduced after salt freezing injury while fractal dimension changed more obviously. The fractal dimension of concrete pore could be a good reflection of concrete structure after salt freezing injury, showing that the diameter at 50nm ~ 550nm after salt frozen injury coarsening is obvious. Thus the fractal dimension of diameter within this range can be used as a key parameters after salt freezing injury.
Zhong Cao, Lixian Sun, Xueqiang Cao, Yinghe He
M. Tang et al., "The Pore Fractal Characteristics of Concrete Materials under Salt Freezing Conditions in Cold Area", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 233-235, pp. 2522-2527, 2011