An Approach to Determine the Stiffness Reduction Factor of Tunnel Lining
Based on the segmental joint tests, it was found that the practical range of joint flexural rigidity was in range of 8500-29000kN•m/rad. A simplified method for determining the stiffness reduction factor of tunnel lining() was proposed using results from the segmental joint tests in which some parameters were obtained by calibration against a 3D Numerical analysis. The influence of joint flexural rigidity, soil resistance coefficient, thickness of tunnel lining and tunnel calculation radius on the stiffness reduction factor of tunnel lining was examined. The stiffness reduction factor can be simply expressed as a function of joint flexural rigidity ratio, soil resistance coefficient, thickness of tunnel lining and tunnel calculation radius for the typical tunnel lining.
Chaohe Chen, Yong Huang and Guangfan Li
H. Y. Zhou et al., "An Approach to Determine the Stiffness Reduction Factor of Tunnel Lining", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 243-249, pp. 3659-3662, 2011