Dislocation Structures in the Gamma Prime-Phase of CMSX-4 and TMS75 after Degradation under Service Conditions
The single crystal superalloys CMSX-4 and TMS75 were tested for very long times at high temperatures in laboratory creep tests and in service. The microstructure was investigated in TEM and SEM. It was found, that the ’-phase is cut at stresses much below the threshold given in literature. Cutting takes place by <110> screw dislocations. These mobile dislocations can be locked locally by a Giamei-lock. Thus a stacking fault dipole forms between the locked segment and the preceding ones. The dipole consists of two supershockley dislocations with 30° character, which are also stabilized by Giamei locks. The dipole formation is analyzed and discussed in detail.
T. Link et al., "Dislocation Structures in the Gamma Prime-Phase of CMSX-4 and TMS75 after Degradation under Service Conditions", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 278, pp. 25-30, 2011