Using microwave-assisted solid-state method, a series of zinc oxide-modified mesoporous SBA-15 materials were synthesized. The desulphurization test with a gas mixture containing 0.1 vol % hydrogen sulfide was carried out on these materials. Chemicals before and after the desulphurization test were analyzed using nitrogen adsorption, XRD, EDS, TEM, ICP and other standard methods. The results suggest that zinc oxide modification can accelerate the transformation from a mesoporous to a zeolite phase. The different zinc loading results in different zinc-phase dispersions on the materials.