Synthetics of ZnO Nanowires on GaN/Sapphire Substrate by Gold Catalyst
ZnO nanowires were grown on Au-coated GaN layer on c-plane sapphire by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). As-prepared ZnO oxides were characterized by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a transmission electron microscope (TEM). The results show that the growth of ZnO nanowires strongly depends on the location of GaN/sapphire substrates. The diameters of the resulting nanowires were in the range 60 nm with typical length about 10μm. The formation of ZnO nanowires with different morphologies at various positions of the substrate is explained by the mechanisms of vapor-solid and vapor-liquid-solid, respectively.
Zhijiu Ai, Xiaodong Zhang, Yun-Hae Kim and Prasad Yarlagadda
C. H. Xu et al., "Synthetics of ZnO Nanowires on GaN/Sapphire Substrate by Gold Catalyst", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 339, pp. 3-6, 2011