The numerical calculation model with compound insulation of transient electrical field is established. The types of voltage applied on the valve side winding of the converter transformer are complicated and the insulation is more prominent. So the simplied calculation model of the valve side winding of the converter transformer is established. The distribution characteristics of electrical field of the valve side winding of the converter transformer is analyzed and electric field in different electrical conductivity and permittivity are calculated under AC high voltage, DC high voltage, AC superimposed DC voltage, polarity reversal voltage. Under all kinds of high voltages, the maximum electric field strength is calculated and analyzed. Some important influence factors for electrical field distribution are also discussed in this paper.