Functionally Gradient 3YSZ-IN713LC Composites
Functionally gradient materials (FGMs) composed of 3YSZ and IN713LC were developed in three different configurations. A linear-mode FGM had its compositions with a monotonic change in coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). Negative- and positive-deviated FGMs had their compositions with lower and higher CTEs, respectively, on the ceramic sides. Fracture behaviors of these three types of FGMs were evaluated with aids of residual stress analyses. FGMs with a positive CTE deviation demonstrated the best performance in the experiment. The brittle ceramic side was under high compressive stress, and high tensile stresses were primarily initiated in the metal-rich gradient layers.
Alan K.T. Lau, J. Lu, Vijay K. Varadan, F.K. Chang, J.P. Tu and P.M. Lam
D.H. Kuo et al., "Functionally Gradient 3YSZ-IN713LC Composites", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 47-50, pp. 5-8, 2008